Village of Kala, South Daghestan. 13th or 14th century
"The village of Kala was the major centre of producing painted and glazed pottery in medieval Daghestan. Pottery-making had been practised there up until the Mongol invasion of the early 13th century but was afterwards never resumed.
The Kala potters produced a wide range of articles: various jugs, decorative and simple household dishes, etc. The dishes are mostly large, with a marked plasticity of form; they are decorated with stylized palmettes and pointed leaves painted in brown manganese on a white background and later covered with turquoise-green cupric oxide. The unrestrained manner of painting and its skilful arrangement on the rounded surface of the dishes testify to the superb workmanship of local craftsmen and a highly developed art of ornamentation. Ceramics from Kala undoubtedly hold a place of honour among the examples of stylistically related pottery of the same period from the Near Eastern countries.”